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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

450
THE IRON INDUSTEY.
eastern part of the country. A certain amount is also raised in Colorado and New Mexico, hut the quantity is trifling compared with the output of the Appalachian field. The hard coal district of Pennsylvania is divided into three parts, which are shown in Fig. XXII-B as Fos. 14, 15 and 16. Following is a description of each division;
No. in Fig. XXII B.	Name.	Local Districts.	Situation in Counties of Pennsylvania.
14	Wyoming.	Carbondale, Scranton. Pittston. Wilkesbarre, Plymouth, Kingston.	Luzerne and Lackawanna.
15	Lehigh..	Green Mountain, Black Creek, Hazleton, Beaver Meadow	Luzerne and small parts of Carbon. Schuylkill and Columbia.
16	Schuylkill.	Panther Creek. Lorberry, East Schuy]kil]. West Schuylkill. Ly-kens Valley. Shamokin, East Mahanoy. West Mahanoy.	Carbon, Dauphin, Schuylkill, Columbia and Northumberland.
All this region is in the eastern center of the State.   The total production of anthracite in 1903 was as follows, in short tons:
Pennsylvania ..................... 74,607,068
Colorado and New Mexico.........         72,731
Total   ........................ 74,679,799
Bituminous.—In the production of anthracite coal eastern Pennsylvania stands alone, while in hituminous coal western Pennsylvania stands pre-eminently first. The leading counties are Westmoreland, Fayette and Allegheny, with Cambria, Clearfield, Jefferson and Washington following with heavy outputs. The Clearfield coal is one of the best coals for steam purposes, and, together with the Pocahontas and Few River coals of West Virginia, is carried in great quantities to Eastern points. The Westmoreland coal is exceptionally rich, and is well adapted for making producer-gas.
The coal deposits of the United States are divided into seven fields, shown in Fig. XXII-A, but only four are important:
(1) The Appalachian, extending from Few York to Alabama, a length of 900 miles, and a width varying from 30 to 180 miles.